4 2 2016

Traditional governance in transition among the Yimchunger Nagas of Northeast India

Francis S Cheerangal

Abstract


The Yimchunger Nagas are among the seventeen ‘official tribes' of Nagaland state in India, and largely inhabit the remote Tuensang and Kiphire districts bordering Myanmar. Yimchunger village governance, as with many of their Naga neighbours, has been noted for its sophistication despite a long historical association with inter-village raids and head-taking practices. Village elders - or Kiulongthsürü -, have traditionally performed what might constitute the legislative, executive and judicial functions of administration. The village, as the prime political entity in relation to its neighbours, is a unit mediated through patri clan membership, genealogies and institutions. The close-knit administrative structure, underpinned by unwritten clan laws, contributes to community stability, and these older systems remain largely in place and active. Modernising processes, as in minority societies across Asia, have introduced significant change, initially under the aegis of British 'non-interference', and subsequently under the policies of the Indian state. More recently, initiatives such as the Nagaland Communitisation Act of 2002, have sought to incentivise local governance structures to accommodate development goals by transferring ownership and management of education, health, and infrastructure responsibilities to village committees. This essay serves as a brief overview of Yimchunger social polity, and addresses these shifts in brief, with attention to continuities and discontinuities in traditional practices. 


Full Text:

PDF (447KB)

References


Alemchiba, M. (1970). A Brief Historical Account of Nagaland. Kohima: Naga Institute of Culture.

Anand, V.K. (1967). Nagaland in Transition. Delhi: Associate Publishing House.

Channa, Mitra. (1992). Nagaland, A Contemporary Ethnography. Delhi: South Asia Books.

Chasie, Charles. (1999), The Naga Imbroglio. Kohima: Standard Printers and Publishers.

Dev, S.C. (1988). Nagaland, the Untold Story. Delhi: Dev Publishers.

Elwin, V. (1969). The Nagas in the Nineteenth Century. London: Oxford University Press.

Ganguli, Milada. (1984). A Pilgrimage to the Nagas. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co.

Horam, M. (1990). Nagas Old Ways and New Trends. New Delhi: Cosmo Publications.

Horam, M. (1992). Naga Polity. Delhi: Low Price Publications.

Hutton, J. H. (1986). Report on Naga Hills. London: Oxford University Press.

Joshi, V. (2001). Nagaland: Past and Present. New Delhi: Akansha Publishing House.

L. Ao, (1993). Rural Development in Nagaland. New Delhi: Harand Publishers.

Lanunungsang, A. & N. T. Jamir. (2005). Naga Society and Culture. Mokokchung: Nagaland University Tribal Research Centre.

Nshoga, A. (2009). Traditional Naga Village and its Transformation. Delhi: Anshah Publishing House.

Pandey, R.S. (2010). Communitisation The Third Way of Governance. New Delhi: Concept Publishers.

Sema, Hokishe. (1986). Emergence of Nagaland. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House.

Sema, John. (2013). Traditional and Modern Political Institutions of Nagas. New Delhi: Mittal Publications.

Sema, P. (1992). British Policy and Administration in Nagaland 1881 -1947. New Delhi: Scholar.

Sen, Sipra. (1987). Tribes of Nagaland. Delhi: Mittal Publications.

Shimray, R.R. (1986). Origin and Culture of Nagas. Delhi: Samsok Publishers.

Singh, Chandrika. (2004). Naga Politics, A critical Account. New Delhi: Mittal Publications.

Temjensonong. (2013). Self Governing Institutions of Nagas. Delhi: Akansha Publishing House.

Yimchunger, N. Chuba. (2009). Folk Tales of Yimchungrü Nagas. Shamator: Author

Yonuo, Asoso. (1974). The Rising Nagas. Delhi: Vivek Publishing House.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




ISSN 2050-487X
Privacy and cookies Take Down Policy